Anatomy of Electric Scooters

All electric scooters have certain parts, but lets categorize the important ones first.

A. Frame: Deck, Stem, Handlebars, Folding Mechanism.

B. Mechanic Parts: Suspension, Brakes, Tires.

C. Electric Parts: Battery, Controller, lights, Display, Motor.

Battery: The Battery of an electric scooter is made up from cells that are assembled together. Batteries store energy in the cells and consume when needed from motor, accessories, lights etc. Batteries are rated in watt hours which is a measure of their capacity. The Capacity of the battery is the most important factor. Emove Cruiser has the longest range with the help of it's 30AH battery.

Controller: The controller sends power to the motor when the rider needs it.

The controller is an electronic component buried usually in the scooters deck and from there it controls the flow from the battery to the motor. The metal enclosure serves as a heat sync. The controller receives inputs from the accelerator and (electronic) brake controls and translates that into a current that is sent to the motor.

Controllers are rated based on the voltage and current they are able to regulate.

They can be a huge source of headache (or make the scooter unsafe) when things go wrong. On some poorly designed scooters controllers are known to fail or malfunction.

Motor: The electric scooters need a motor to create movement. This motors are called brushless hub because they are usually turned inside out – to swap the housing of the magnets that make the motor. By alternating the energized electromagnets and changing systematically, the brushless motor turns the shaft and propels the scooter.

Brakes: The brake of an electric scooter can be categorized in four different systems.

a. regenerating brakes where this system gets it's power from kinetic. This is one of the weakest brake system.

b. Drum brakes are activated by line cable. They are almost as effective as disc brake and generally require less maintenance, but are more complex to repair on.

c. Semi Hydraulic brakes that get triggered by a line cable to the calibre and move the hydraulic piston when activated. This system has a fairly strong braking power and are easily maintained.

d. Full Hydraulic brakes use hydraulic fluid from the lever all the way to the piston. When you squeeze the lever the pressure starts from the brake line all the way to the piston. This type of brake is the most powerful and does not need much maintenance.

Deck: The deck is called where the rider stand and usually it is made either by aluminium or even better by forged aluminium. Modern electric scooter decks can easily handle around 150 kg. Also in most cases the manufacturer stores into the deck the battery and controller to keep them safe. Emove Cruiser offers the best protection to it's electric parts with IP67 waterproof resistance.

Stem: The Stem is the neck of the scooter. It connects the deck with the handlebar and in most cases on the deck it connects to a folding mechanism. The folding mechanism is needed to help us with carrying the scooter and also to help us gain space to store it.

Suspension: The suspension of the electric scooter helps to improve ride quality and damping bumps in the road.

There are three main types of suspension systems that are typically found on electric scooters: spring, hydraulic or air piston, and rubber suspension. Scooters with the best suspension will have some combination of spring and piston — a combination called coil-over-hydraulic or coil-over-air.

Many scooters forgo suspension in favour of large pneumatic tires that provide damping effects. Large pneumatic tires can offer be a better form of suspension that cheap spring suspensions.

Tires: The tires given you traction to accelerate or brake in an emergency. Airless tires do not perform as well as pneumatic tires and get dangerous on wet surface.

Tires are your connection to the road and influence ride quality, traction, range, and braking performance of your electric kick scooter.

Tires come in basically two types: pneumatic and airless.

We always recommend pneumatic tires because they give better ride quality and their supple rubber performs much better in adverse road conditions.

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